(epbr) Licensing for offshore wind projects in Brazil surpassed the 106 GW of power under licensing at Ibama this month, with the arrival of projects from TotalEnergies (9 GW) and Shell Brasil (17 GW).
TotalEnergies’ projects are the Sopros do Ceará, Sopros do RJ and Sopros do RS wind farms, each with 200 wind turbines of 15 MW, totaling 3 GW of power in each one.
Now, there are 45 parks under licensing, in several Brazilian states, from Rio Grande do Sul to Ceará. All are still in the early stages of development and may change over time.
The parks are designed for the states of Rio Grande do Sul (30 GW), Rio de Janeiro (27 GW), Ceará (23 GW), Rio Grande do Norte (16 GW), Espírito Santo (6 GW) and Piauí (5 GW). GW).
Shell has the largest projects, with 17 GW under licensing, followed by Ocean Winds, Engie’s joint venture with EDP (15 GW) and Bluefloat Energy (15 GW).
The profile of groups is varied, with national and foreign companies, from the oil and gas sector – Equinor was one of the first to be interested in Brazil –, energy generation, project developers and even an international pension fund.
Not long ago, offshore generation was seen as something distant, without purpose, given the great potential on land, with less investment and simpler operation.
The political landscape changed rapidly with the interest of large companies, often in projects associated with Brazilian ports and the production of green hydrogen.
Understand: offshore wind in Brazil
-Interest in offshore wind in Brazil has skyrocketed in the last two years and national and foreign companies demonstrate that the source, once something distant in energy planning, is now a promising alternative for future low-carbon markets.
-The Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME) published a decree to regulate the contracting of the areas.
-The National Congress also discusses the issue — the bill was proposed by Jean Paul Prates (PT/RN).
-Wind generation occurs only on land in Brazil, with more than 21 GW in operation and another 13.5 GW granted, totaling 34 GW, less than a third of the power under license at sea.