Brazil presented to the United Nations a general description of the Brazilian Submission Review of the Southern Region, which aims to define the continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles in that region.
The purpose is to determine the maritime area in which Brazil will exercise sovereign rights for the exploration and exploitation of the natural resources of the sea bed and subsoil. The presentation was at the 49th Session of the Brazilian Continental Shelf Limits Commission (CLPC).
The Brazilian delegation was composed of diplomatic and military representatives of the Brazilian Mission in New York, the Director General of Navigation, Fleet Admiral Leonardo Puntel, the Director and other military officers of the Directorate of Hydrography and Navigation (DHN), by professors of the Federal University Fluminense (UFF) and the Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), as well as a consultant with international recognition in the areas of Geology and Geophysics.
At the meeting, the technical and scientific basis used by Brazil in the application of the criteria of Article 76 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) for the drawing of the outer limit was presented to the 21 CLPC experts. Based on the presentation and the information and analysis conducted by the subcommittee with six experts, which examined the submission of the Southern region between 2015 and 2018, the CLPC will evaluate the draft recommendations for that region. The final decision should be announced in July 2019, on the occasion of the 50 th Session of the CLPC.
DHN is the executive arm of the Brazilian Continental Shelf Survey Plan (LEPLAC), a Federal Government program established by Decree 98.145 of September 15, 1989, under the coordination of the Interministerial Commission for the Resources of the Sea (CIRM). with the purpose of establishing the outer limit of the Brazilian continental shelf. The definition of the outer boundary of the continental shelf will be a legacy for the next generations of Brazilians, who will see possibilities for discoveries of new hydrocarbon reserves, exploitation of mineral resources and resources of marine benthic biodiversity recognized, admittedly one of the most promising fields the development of biogenetics.