Aug 30, 2019
Petrobras’ main projects today are focused on natural gas, whose exploration focuses on deep water. There are several development fronts in this arena, which involve resources of US $ 3.7 billion.
The most important of them, the so-called Route 3, is under implementation. The Integrated Route 3 Project, with a capacity of 21 million m³ / day, includes the construction of a Natural Gas Processing Unit (NGPU), pipeline, administrative and operational infrastructure and logistics to receive gas and ship products. Start-up is scheduled for 2021.
Another project involves the Sergipe Gas Treatment Unit (SE-GTU) and a 128 km pipeline to drain natural gas. According to Petrobras, the company continues to evaluate the alternatives for gas flow and disposal from the Sergipe Deep Water project, which is foreseen in the Business Plan to start production in 2023.
A program, under the initiatives to boost natural gas, was terminated last year and took place in the Route 1 project in São Paulo, which involved the upgrading of the Caraguatatuba Gas Treatment Unit (CAGTU). Petrobras reports that it has increased the flow capacity of the Merluza platform for the CAGTU from 7.5 million m³ / day of pre-salt wet gas to 10 million m³ / day.
From 2018 to 2021, Petrobras has 11 FPSOs contracted, that is, under construction or to be built. From 2021 to 2023, the forecast is to build seven more FPSOs. Petrobras recently issued announcements about two of these seven FPSOs expected to be contracted. As operator of the Libra Consortium, Petrobras signed a contract in June with the SBM Group to charter and operate the second definitive production system in the Mero field, located in the northwestern area of the Libra block.
The unit will be installed in the Mero 2 project, about 180 km from the coast of Rio de Janeiro and an average water depth of 2,100m, in the Santos Basin pre-salt. The FPSO platform will interconnect up to 16 wells and will have the capacity to process 180,000 barrels of oil per day (bpd) and 12 million m³ / day of gas.
Production is expected to begin in 2022. The platform will join the Pioneer Libra FPSO, dedicated to early production systems, in operation since November 2017; and the Guanabara FPSO, the first unit foreseen for the definitive production system of the Mero field, scheduled for production in 2021.
The unit will be operated by SBM, the company responsible for the construction, with FPSO charter duration for 22.5 years. Part of the construction will be carried out in Brazil, in a similar model adopted by other units chartered by Petrobras.
The Libra Consortium is operated by Petrobras (40%), in partnership with Shell (20%), Total (20%), CNPC (10%) and CNOOC Limited (10%), having as manager Pre-Sal Petróleo (PPSA).
Regarding the second announcement on the construction of FPSO, Petrobras also signed in June a letter of intent with the Modec Group for the chartering of an FPSO type platform, which will be used in the Buzios 5 field production development project.
The unit will be installed about 180 km off the Brazilian coast, in a water depth of 1,900 meters, in the Santos Basin pre-salt.
The project includes the interconnection of up to 15 wells and will have the capacity to process up to 150,000 bpd of oil and 6 million m³ / day of natural gas. Production is expected to start in 2022.
The unit will be operated by Modec and chartered for up to 21 years. Part of the execution plan will be carried out in Brazil.
Petrobras also informs that it carries out construction works of the Emissions Supply Unit of the Abreu e Lima Refinery (Rnest). It is a unit dedicated to the treatment of gases resulting from the process of producing low pollutant fuels such as diesel S-10 (diesel with up to 10 parts per million sulfur). Modifications are also being made to the Coke and Atmospheric Distillation units.
With the completion of the work, Rnest’s first train will increase its processing capacity from 100,000 bpd to 130,000 bpd.
Petrobras’ 2019-2023 Business and Management Plan foresees the Company’s performance in profitable renewable energy businesses, focusing on wind and solar in Brazil.
Thus, the first offshore wind pilot plant in Brazil will be implemented. The pilot plant will consist of an anemometric tower and an offshore wind turbine of 6 MW or more, electrically connected to one of the company’s platforms.
Installed about 20 km from the coast of Guamaré, Rio Grande do Norte, full operation of the pilot plant is expected in 2022.
Additionally, in 2018, a memorandum of understanding was signed with the Norwegian company Equinor to jointly develop businesses in the offshore wind energy segment in Brazil. These initiatives seek to expand Petrobras’ operations in wind energy, since the company already has stakes in four onshore generation parks in Guamaré (RN).
In solar energy, Petrobras owns the Alto Rodrigues Photovoltaic Unit a pilot plant located in Rio Grande do Norte composed of five different photovoltaic generation technologies, with an installed capacity of 1.1 MW.
According to Petrobras’ 2019-2023 business plan, its investments should reach US $ 84.1 billion, of which US $ 68.8 billion in exploration and research, where most of the resources from new works and projects are allocated.
Of this exploration value, 70% is destined for production development (US $ 48.4 billion, 56% in pre-salt and 44% in post-salt), 16% in exploration (from US $ 6.8 billion). from the 2018-2022 business plan to $ 10.8 billion in this new plan) and 14% of infrastructure and research and development ($ 9.6 billion).
Source: OE Magazine