Projects of regasification terminals for liquefied natural gas (LNG) under study can add to the country a regasification capacity of up to 153 million m³ / day, considering the expansion of the Açu Port terminal. EPE data show that there are 15 projects in different stages of maturation, from those that are still in the initial phase of studies to the most advanced ones.
Among the most advanced are the Açu Port terminal (RJ), with a capacity of 21 million m³ / day, which can double this volume. Another is the terminal of Barra dos Coqueiros (SE), whose authorization for the FSRU Golar Nanook was granted on June 12.
But not all projects can get off the paper. According to data from the EPE, some face obstacles, such as the Santos terminal (SP), which has little physical space and intense naval movement in its surroundings. The Paranaguá (PR) project, with regasification capacity of 14 million m³ / day, depends on three thermoelectric plants selling energy in government auctions. Another project that faces difficulties is the Peruíbe, whose city hall intends to bar the thermal designed for the region.
EPE Deputy Superintendent of Natural Gas and Biofuels, Marcelo Alfradique, explains that the terminals are anchored on thermals and that the surplus of each of them should be destined to other uses in the local markets. The use of the infrastructure could be used by third parties, but Gas LP, which defines the rules for such access, is standing still waiting for a vote in the congress.
Investors are already looking for an alternative to dispose of the surplus if the opening of the gas market is not enough. Some companies are already thinking about encouraging the use of LNG trucks in the regions where the surplus can be shipped. This technology, however, is still in development.
Source: Brazil Energy