Considering the latest news published in the press about the licensing process of Total E & P Brasil LTDA on the exploration of oil at the mouth of the Amazon, it is necessary to clarify some information.
There was no refusal by IBAMA to grant a license, and due diligence was requested in order to enable the Institute to continue the licensing process, since the studies were considered insufficient.
The 11th Round of Oil and Gas Bids held in 2013 brought new challenges for federal environmental licensing, such as the cross-border risk approach. In view of this, the Ministry of the Environment will work with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to continue the negotiations between the Federative Republic of Brazil and the French Republic with a view to concluding an agreement for cooperation in response to cross-border incidents of pollution.
It is also worth noting that there are other environmental licensing processes for the exploration of oil in the region of the mouth of the Amazon, which are objects of Ibama’s analysis. From the technical point of view, these processes are independent and have no influence over one another. The particularity of each project is evaluated in the scope of the licensing procedure, without considering the possible synergy of the drilling activity.
The 14th Round of Petroleum and Gas Bidding will offer 287 blocks in the sedimentary basins of Sergipe-Alagoas, Espírito Santo, Campos, Santos and Pelotas and in the terrestrial basins of Parnaíba, Paraná, Potiguar, Recôncavo, Sergipe-Alagoas and Espírito Santo. Therefore, no block to be offered is located in the region of the coral bank of the mouth of the Amazon.
Finally, it is the interest of the Ministry of the Environment that environmental licensing be evaluated strictly from the technical point of view, which results in the approval of sustainable projects, as is the practice of the licensing body.